An extensive 3-D conjugate numerical study is conducted to assess the thermal performance of the novel 54 lead SOIC (with inverted exposed Cu pad) packages for automotive applications. The thermal performance of the modified designs with exposed pad are investigated, ranging from smaller die/flag size to larger ones, with single or multiple heat sources operating under various powering conditions. The thermal performance is compared to other existing packages with typical application to the automotive industry. The impact of the lead frame geometrical structure and die attach material on the overall thermal behavior is evaluated. Under one steady state (4W) operating scenario, the package reaches a peak temperature of 117.1°C, corresponding to a junction-to-heatsink thermal resistance Rjhs of 4.27°C/W. For the design with a slightly smaller Cu alloy exposed pad (Cu Alloy), the peak temperature reached by the FETs is 117.8°C, slightly higher than for the design with the intermediate size flag. In this case, the junction-to-heatsink thermal resistance Rj-hs is 4.45°C/W. The worst case powering scenario is identified, with 1.312W/FET and total power of 10.5W, barely satisfying the overall thermal budget. The variation of the peak (junction) temperature is also evaluated for several powering scenarios. Finally, a comparison with a different exposed pad package is made. The impact of the higher thermal conductivity (solder) die attach is evaluated and compared to the epoxy die attach in the 54 lead SOIC package. Several cases are evaluated in the paper, with an emphasis on the superior thermal performance of new packages for automotive applications.
System Level Thermal Performance Evaluation of New Inverted Exposed Pad Packages for Automotive Applications
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Chiriac, VA, & Lee, TT. "System Level Thermal Performance Evaluation of New Inverted Exposed Pad Packages for Automotive Applications." Proceedings of the ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Heat Transfer, Volume 3. Chicago, Illinois, USA. November 5–10, 2006. pp. 207-212. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2006-14722
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