Liquid cooling with phase change has been demonstrated to be a very efficient technique for thermal management of electronics because it has the potential to achieve high heat transfer coefficients compared to single phase liquid cooling. Previous studies on liquid immersion cooling with fluorocarbons have shown the effectiveness of boiling enhancement structures in lowering boiling incipience, raising the critical heat flux and reducing evaporator size. Two-phase thermosyphons are an alternative to liquid immersion cooling, where phase change liquid cooling can be implemented within a closed loop device. The present study involves a two-phase thermosyphon with boiling enhancement structure in the evaporator, which is subjected to sub-atmospheric pressures for lowering the saturation temperature of the working fluid. The objective of the present research is to provide a detailed understanding of the effect of liquid fill level on boiling of water with enhancement structures at sub-atmospheric pressures. The study will take into account the influence of system pressure and enhancement structure geometry on the boiling heat transfer. Experiments were performed at three different pressures, 9.7 kPa, 15 kPa and 21 kPa using a stacked enhancement structure with three different geometries (1, 4 and 6 layers), corresponding to three different liquid fill levels. The results are compared with a baseline study on sub-atmospheric pressure boiling from a plain surface at similar liquid-fill levels.
Boiling of Water at Sub-Atmospheric Conditions With Enhanced Structures: Effect of Liquid Fill Volume
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Pal, A, & Joshi, Y. "Boiling of Water at Sub-Atmospheric Conditions With Enhanced Structures: Effect of Liquid Fill Volume." Proceedings of the ASME 2006 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Heat Transfer, Volume 2. Chicago, Illinois, USA. November 5–10, 2006. pp. 399-408. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2006-16146
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