The need for high-performance thermal protection and fluid management techniques for systems ranging from cryogenic reactant storage devices to primary structures and propulsion systems exposed to extreme high temperatures, and other space systems such as cooling or environmental control for advanced space suits and integrated electronic circuits, requires an effective cooling system to accommodate the compact nature and high heat fluxes associated with these applications. A two-phase forced-convection, phase-transition system can accommodate such requirements through the use of the concept of Advanced Micro Cooling Modules (AMCMs), which are essentially compact two-phase heat exchangers constructed of microchannels and designed to remove large amounts of heat rapidly from critical systems by incorporating phase transition. Realizing the significance of research in this area, this paper presents the results of experimental research on two-phase flow in microchannels with verification and identification of data using concomitant measurement systems, where based on the experimental research conducted on air-water mixture flows in the entire range of concentration and flow patterns in a horizontal square microchannel, a mathematical model based on in situ parameters is developed and presented, which describes pressure losses in two-phase flow incorporating flow pattern phenomena. Validation of the model is accomplished. A hypothetical model for the two-phase heat transfer coefficient is also presented, which incorporates the flow patterns through the use of a flow pattern coefficient.

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