The increasing power consumption of microelectronic systems and the dense layout of semiconductor components leave very limited design spaces with tight constraints for the thermal solution. Conventional thermal management approaches, such as extrusion, fold-fin, and heat pipe heat sinks, are somehow reaching their performance limits, due to the geometry constraints. Currently, more studies have been carried out on the liquid cooling technologies, as the flexible tubing connection of liquid cooling system makes both the accommodation in constrained design space and the simultaneous cooling of multi heating sources feasible. To significantly improve the thermal performance of a liquid cooling system, heat exchangers with more liquid-side heat transfer area with acceptable flow pressure drop are expected. This paper focuses on the performance of seven designs of source heat exchanger (cold plate). The presented cold plates are all made in pure copper material using wire cutting, soldering, brazing, or sintering process. Enhanced heat transfer surfaces such as micro channel and cooper mesh are investigated. Detailed experiments have been conducted to understand the performance of these seven cooper cold plates. The same radiators, fan, and water pump were connected with each cooper cold plate to investigate the overall thermal performance of liquid cooling system. Water temperature readings at the inlets and outlets of radiators, pump, and colder plate have been taken to interpret the thermal resistance distribution along the cooling loop.

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