The flow structure and convective heat transfer behavior of a free liquid jet impinging on a hemispherical solid plate of finite thickness have been examined using a numerical analysis. The simulation model included the entire fluid region (impinging jet and flow spreading out over the convex surface) and solid plate as a conjugate problem. Solution was done for both isothermal and constant heat flux boundary conditions at the inner surface of the hemispherical plate. Computations were done for jet Reynolds number (ReJ) ranging from 500 to 2000 and the dimensionless nozzle to target spacing ratio (β) from 0.75 to 3. Results are presented for local heat transfer coefficient and the local Nusselt number using the following working fluids: water (H2O), flouroinert (FC-77), and oil (MIL-7808) and for various solid materials namely aluminum, Constantan, copper, silicon, and silver. It was observed that plate materials with higher thermal conductivity maintained a more uniform temperature distribution at the solid-fluid interface. A higher Reynolds number increased the Nusselt number and local heat transfer coefficient distributions over the entire solid-fluid interface.

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