Locked-in flow tones due to shear flow over a deep cavity are investigated using Large Eddy Simulation (LES). An isentropic from of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations (pseudo-compressibility) is used to couple the vertical flow over the cavity mouth with the deep cavity resonances (1). Comparisons to published experimental data (2) show that the pseudo-compressible LES formulation is capable of predicting the feedforward excitation of the deep cavity resonator, as well as the feedback process from the resonator to the flow source. By systematically increasing the resonator damping level, it is shown that strong lock-in results in a more organized shear layer than is observed for the locked-out flow state. By comparison, weak interactions (non-locked-in) produce no change in the shear layer characteristics. This supports the 40 dB definition of lock-in defined in the experiment.

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