We have studied the influences of the magnetic field, shear rate, and random forces on transport coefficients such as viscosity and diffusion coefficient, and also on the orientational distributions of hematite particles composed of a dilute colloidal dispersion. Hematite particles are modeled as spheroids with a magnetic moment normal to the particle axis. In the present analysis, these particles are assumed to conduct the rotational Brownian motion in a simple shear flow as well as an external magnetic field. The basic equation of the orientational distribution function has been derived from the balance of the torques and solved by the numerical analysis method. The results obtained here are summarized as follows. With increasing the magnetic field, since the magnetic moment is strongly restricted to the magnetic field direction, the motion of the particle is forced to rotate in directions normal to the shear flow direction. In the case of a strong magnetic field and a smaller shear rate, the rodlike particles can freely rotate in the xy-plane with the magnetic moment remaining pointing to the magnetic field direction. On the other hand, for a strong shear flow, the particle has a tendency to incline in the flow direction with the magnetic moment pointing to the magnetic field direction. Additionaly, the diffusion coefficient gives rise to smaller values than expected, since the rodlike particle sediments with the particle inclining toward directions normal to the moment direction.

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