Ridge apertures in various shapes have attracted extensive studies which showed their potential capabilities in realizing both enhanced transmission and nanoscale optical resolution, therefore, enabling ultrahigh density near-field optical recording. In this work, the optical near field distributions of an H-shaped ridge aperture and comparable regular apertures made in aluminum film are experimentally investigated using a home-made near-field scanning optical microscope. With a sub-100 nm aperture probe, the full-width half-magnitude (FWHM) near-field spot of the H aperture is measured as 106 nm by 80 nm, comparable to the gap size but substantially smaller than that obtained from a square aperture with the same area. The elongated near-field light spot in the direction across the ridges is due to the scattering of the transmitted light on the edges based on results of numerical calculations.

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