Nylon 11, a popular material for commercial use, has been combined with low-percent loads of carbon nanofibers (CNFs) to tailor mechanical, fire retardancy, and thermal properties. Transmission electron microscopy images show that the CNFs are randomly aligned in the polymer matrix. We show that the thermal conductivity is minimized at a certain percent loading of CNFs due to a large thermal contact resistance between the CNFs and the medium.

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