The goal of this paper is to examine the effects of size and aspect ratio (H/L) of open cavities on heat and mass transfer during open door conditions of refrigerator cabinets. An experimental investigation was conducted using test cavities constructed from foam board insulation and interior covered with aluminum plates acting as calorimeters. Various size cavities with heights of 15.24 cm, 30.48 cm, and 45.72 cm along with aspect ratios of 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 were tested. Cavities were heated to an initial temperature of 50°C, 60°C, 70°C, and 80°C before being exposed to the ambient air. In addition, tests were conducted in which the cavities were cooled before being exposed to the ambient. The relative humidity was varied from 60% to 75% and initial temperatures varied from 5°C, 1°C, and −5°C. The cavity mass fluxes were measured to validate the heat/mass transfer analogy for the tests. Experimental results were also presented for Rayleigh numbers from 5.88 × 106 to 2.21 × 108 with Nusselt numbers ranging from 15.48 to 53.51. The Nusselt numbers for cavities with an aspect ratio of one and two were in good agreement with each other. The Nusselt numbers for the cavity with an aspect ratio of 0.5 were slightly lower than the other cavities at given Rayleigh values.

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