An ocular outflow model is proposed to theorize the effect of Schlemm’s canal (SC) and/or collector channel (CC) dilation combined with a trabecular bypass on elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in glaucomatous eyes. The dilated height of the elliptic SC is largest at the bypass and linearly deceases to the non-dilated height over the dilated circumferential length. The CC dilation is modeled with a reduced outflow resistance of second order polynomial. Equations governing the pressure and flow in SC are solved numerically. The model predicts that the IOP is reduced substantially with moderate dilation from the normal 20 μm to 40 μm at the bypass. SC dilation is more effective for eyes with smaller SC. The dilation of CC can also significantly lower the IOP. With the trabecular bypass alone, the elevated IOP is expected to drop to the mid-to-high teens. The IOP can be further reduced by another 3 to 6 mmHg with moderate SC and CC dilation.

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