This paper is focused on the entropy generation due to heat transfer and viscous flow in natural convection of water near its density maximum in a square cavity. The present hydrodynamic and temperature fields are obtained by solving numerically the mass, momentum and energy balance equations, using the finite difference method. Local entropy generation distributions are obtained based on the resulting velocity and temperature fields by solving the entropy generation equation. The effect of the Grashof numbers on the total entropy generation is studied. Local entropy generation distribution was found to be dependent on the Grashof number and the dimensionless initial temperature. The results also show that thermal entropy generation is relatively dominant over viscous entropy generation.

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