High component lifetimes of modern gas turbines can be achieved by cooling the airfoils effectively. Film cooling is commonly employed on the airfoils and other engine hot section surfaces in order to protect them from the high thermal stress fields created by exposure to combustion gases. Complex geometries as well as optimized cooling considerations often dictate the use of compound-angled film cooling hole. In the present experimental and computational study, the effects that two different compound angle film cooling hole injection configurations have on film cooling effectiveness are investigated. Film cooling effectiveness measurements have been made downstream of a single row of compound angle cylindrical holes with a diameter of 7.5 mm, and a single row of compound angle, diffuser-shaped holes with an inlet diameter of 7.5 mm. The cylindrical holes were inclined (α=25°) with respect to the coverage surface and were oriented perpendicular to the high-temperature airflow direction. The diffuser-shaped holes had a compound angle of 45 degrees with respect to the high temperature air flow direction and, similar to the cylindrical film holes, a 25-deg angle with the coverage surface. Both geometries were tested over a blowing ratio range of 0.7 to 4.0. Surface temperatures were measured along four longitudinal rows of thermocouples covering the downstream area between two adjacent holes. The results showed that the best overall protection over the widest range of blowing ratios was provided by the diffuser-shaped film cooling holes. Compared with the cylindrical hole results, the diffuser-shaped expansion holes produced higher film cooling effectiveness downstream of the film cooling holes, particularly at high blowing ratios. The increased cross sectional area at the shaped hole exit compared to that of the cylindrical hole lead to a reduction of the mean velocity, thus the reduction of the momentum flux of the jet exiting the hole. Therefore, the penetration of the jet into the main flow was reduced, resulting in an increased cooling effectiveness. A commercially available CFD software package was used to study film cooling effectiveness downstream of the row of holes. Comparisons between the experimentally measured and numerically calculated film effectiveness distributions showed that the computed results are in reasonable agreement with the measured results. Therefore, CFD can be considered as a viable tool to predict the cooling performance of different film cooling configurations in a parametric study. A more realistic turbulence model, possibly adopting a two-layer model that incorporates boundary layer anisotropy, in the computational study may improve the predicted results.

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