Total internal reflection fluorescent microscopy (TIRFM) is used to measure particle motion in the near wall region of a microfluidic system. TIRFM images have minimum background noise and contain only particles that are very close to channel surface, where slip velocities may be present. Submicron sized fluorescent particles suspended in water are used as seed particles and images are analyzed with a PTV algorithm to extract information about apparent slip velocity. At relatively low shear rates (less than 2500 sec−1), an apparent slip velocity, proportional to the shear rate was observed. However, numerical simulations show that this observation is a direct consequence of the small, but finite thickness of the illuminated region, and most likely not due to physical slip at the surface. The statistical difference in apparent slip velocities measured over hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces is found to be minimal. Issues associated with the experimental technique and the interpretation of the experimental results are also discussed.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.