This study introduces an experimental method that can measure air pressures in the vane segments when a sliding-vane rotary compressor performs suction and compression phases in stable or unstable rotational speeds. When the air pressures of these two phases can be measured, the intake effect of the compressor’s inlet and the seal effect of the vane segments can be evaluated, respectively. Because a frequency converter provides unstable rotational speeds when it controls rotational speeds of a motor with a compressor, an encoder mounted on the output shaft of the motor was applied to record the angular location of the compressor rotor. Two strain gauge type pressure transducers were inserted into the cover plate of the compressor to measure air pressures in the vane segments. Comparing the signals of the encoder with pressure transducers, the air pressures in completions of suction and compression phases could be determined in stable or unstable rotational speeds. The air pressures when the compressor performed suction and compression phases were 99.5 kPa and 153 kPa, respectively, in 1400 rpm. The air pressure when the compressor performed suction phase decreased with the rotational speed faster than 800 rpm. The size or shape of the inlet port of the compressor should be enlarged or modified to provide the suction air pressure without dropping too much. The designed air pressure when the compressor performed compression phase was 244 kPa in 140 rpm, the manufacture precision of the compressor should be increased to decrease leakage.

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