The cell alignment in a smooth muscle tissue plays a significant role in determining its mechanical properties. In addition to shortening strain, the off-axis cell orientation θ also modify the shear stress relationship significantly. A simulation model based on finite element analysis is developed to study the effect of stresses of tracheal smooth muscle tissue when its cells are orientated off-axially. Results obtained indicate that the maximum shear stress values of tracheal smooth muscle tissue at 45% strain are 2.5 times the values at 20% strain for all three off-axis orientation values θ = 15°, 30° and 45°.

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