This study investigates biodynamic response mitigation to three different excitations of sinusoidal and random vibrations and shock load using a magnetorheological (MR) seat suspension. In doing so, an MR seat suspension model for military vehicles, with a detailed lumped parameter model of the human body, was developed. The lumped parameter model of the human body consists of four parts: pelvis, upper torso, viscera and head. From the model, the governing equation of motion of the MR seat suspension considering the human body was derived. Based on this equation, a semi-active nonlinear optimal control algorithm appropriate for the MR seat suspension was developed. The simulated control performance of the MR seat suspension was evaluated under three different excitations of sinusoidal and random vibration and tremendous shock load due to a mine explosion. In addition, the mitigation of injuries to humans due to such shock load was also evaluated and compared with the passive seat suspension using a passive hydraulic damper.

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