The aerodynamics benefits of lateral jet injection into swirling crossflow have long been recognized and used by combustion engineers. Studies are reported here on experimental and theoretical research on lateral jet injection into typical combustor flowfields for low-speed turbulent swirling flow conditions in the absence of combustion. The main flow is air in a round cross-sectioned plexiglass tube. The degree of swirl can be varied by varying the angles of the blades of an annular swirler, located upstream of the test section. Lateral jet injection is normal to the main airflow, from round-sectioned nozzles. Either a single lateral jet or two diametrically opposed jets are used for this secondary injection of air into the main airflow. The principal aim is to investigate the trajectory, penetration and mixing efficiency of the lateral injection. Flow visualization with helium-filled soap bubbles and multi-spark ionized path techniques, five-hole pitot probe time-mean velocity measurements, and single-wire time-mean velocity and turbulence data (normal and shear stress) have been obtained in the experimental research program. A fully three-dimensional computer code with two-equation turbulence model has been developed and used in the theoretical research program.

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