The present study is intended to investigate the board level solder joint reliability of PBGA assemblies under mechanical drop test. During the course of this study, a five-leg experiment was designed to investigate various combinations of solder materials and peak reflow temperatures. Two major failure modes, namely, solder cracking and copper trace breakage, were identified. In addition, the critical location of solder joints was characterized. It was found that Sn-Pb eutectic solder joints performed better than Pb-free solder joints under mechanical impact loading.

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