In studying the fluid flow and heat transfer in microchannels, various claims have been made regarding transition at Reynolds numbers significantly below 2300. As a first step in identifying the reasons for such early transition, the effect of entrance geometry on the pressure drop and transition to turbulence is studied experimentally in a conventional channel of 1.9 cm inner diameter. Four types of entrance conditions have been studied with flow of oil in a closed loop. The experimental results show the effect of entrance conditions on local friction factor, hydrodynamic developing length, and transition Reynolds number. The study will be extended to microchannels in the future.

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