Traditional modeling of radiative transfer in reacting flows has ignored turbulence-radiation interactions (TRI). Radiative fluxes, flux divergences and radiative properties have been based on mean temperature and concentration fields. However, both experimental and theoretical work have suggested that mean radiative quantities may differ significantly from those predictions based on the mean parameters because of their strongly nonlinear dependence on the temperature and concentration fields. The composition PDF method is able to consider many nonlinear interactions rigorously, and the method is used here to study turbulence-radiation interactions. This paper tries to answer two basic questions: (1) whether turbulence-radiation interactions are important in turbulent flames or not; (2) if they are important, then what correlations need to be considered in the simulation to capture them. After conducting many flame simulations, it was observed that, on average, TRI effects account for about 1/3 of the total drop in flame peak temperature caused by radiative heat losses. In addition, this study shows that consideration of the temperature self correlation alone is not sufficient to capture TRI, but that the complete absorption coefficient–Planck function correlation must be considered.

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