The configuration of two horizontal parallel walls can be found in many applications, such as the cooling of electronic components, solar energy systems and chemical vapor deposition systems (CVD). In the present investigation a transient numerical analysis for laminar natural convection in air between two horizontal parallel plates, with the upper plate heated at uniform heat flux and the lower one unheated, is carried out by means of the finite volume method. The model was assumed to be two-dimensional. The full two-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations together with the continuity and energy equations are solved by a numerical scheme derived from a SIMPLE-like algorithm in an H-shaped domain. Results are presented in terms of velocity and temperature profiles, wall temperature profiles and the temporal behavior of several significant variables, such as the penetration length, is reported for different Rayleigh numbers and aspect ratio values.

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