The aim of this study is to demonstrate how the various parameters and the uncertainty associated with them affect the simulation results of a pressure accumulator. The parameters to be studied are related mainly to the pre-charging procedure of a membrane accumulator and cover the constants for the pressure and temperature of the nitrogen gas and the efficient volume of accumulator. These parameters are included in the non-linear model which is suited especially for large amplitude and low frequency transients. The background of the work is related to the fact that simulation is already an important tool in product development work. To be able to design the control of the system and predict the performance of it an estimate of the accuracy of the calculations is needed. The usability of simulation is determined by the fact how reliable the information is. To gain full benefit of simulation more attention has to be paid to the validity of the models, the accuracy of the parameter values needed in the models and the sensitivity of these parameters. The most sensitive parameters have to be recognized and paid special attention to the accuracy of the values given to them. Also the changes of these values in time due to wear or other modification in the system have to be noticed. Numerous factors have an influence on the accumulator operation. The most important of these are the ratio of the operation pressure to the pre-charge pressure, the amplitude of the flow rate disturbances, the temperature of the hydraulic fluid and the gas, the viscosity of the hydraulic fluid, the thermodynamic process of the nitrogen gas in the accumulator and the changes in the speed of sound. Also the mounting of the accumulator, the fittings used and the connecting pipes may have a significant role in the dynamics of an accumulator. The methods used in the study include measurements in time domain, modeling, simulations, and analytical work. The accumulator dynamics may alter due to remarkable changes in operating points like pressure levels. These are possible because of large amplitudes of flow rates particularly at the low frequency area where the presented study is focused on. The results include model analysis and information of the importance of the most fundamental parameters of the models and suggestions for future research work.

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