Correlations of transient heat transfer and pressure drop have been developed for air flowing through the porous media, which packed a double-pass solar air heater. Various porous media are arranged in different porosities to increase heat transfer, area density and the total heat transfer rate. Transient heat transfer experiments indicate that both the heat transfer coefficient and the friction factor are strong functions of porosity. The heat transfer coefficient and the friction factor are also strong functions of the geometrical parameters of the porous media. A test collector was developed and tested indoors by varying the design features and operating conditions using a halogen-lamp simulator as a radiation source. This type of collector can be used for drying and heat applications such as solar industrial processes, space heating and solar drying of agricultural products.

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