Age-related bone fractures are mostly influenced by trabecular bone sites. Trabecular bone constantly adapts its bone volume fraction (BV/TV) and orientation, and thus its mechanical properties, to mechanical usage. Therefore, understanding the trabecular bone adaptation process and its consequences will contribute to the better understanding of the etiology of age-related fractures. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) is a relatively new method to quantify the complex three-dimensional (3D) trabecular bone architecture [1,2]. Finite element computational studies can be performed on these 3D microstructural images by converting each image voxel into an element [3,4,5]. Image thresholding techniques to segment bone voxels from bone marrow voxels have a major impact on the results of these models. However, the influence of different types of thresholding techniques on the mechanical properties of bone has not been examined carefully.