Punch force and maximum pressure for tube extrusion can be predicted with an upper bound theory-based program POLSK. Experiments of steel tube extrusion and wax physical modeling were performed. The punch force and the maximum pressure values were obtained. Comparisons were made among the experimental results, physical modeling results and upper bound predictions. It was found that a medium extrusion coefficient causes the lowest pressure on the tooling system, very low and very high extrusion coefficients can both cause very high pressure. It is proved that the upper bound predictions are in good agreement with the experimental results and the upper bound program is suitable for use of steel tube extrusion design.

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