Quick response and rheological properties as a function of magnetic field are well known features of MR fluids which inspire their usage as brake materials. Controllable torque and minimum weight of brake system are the deciding functions based on which the viability of the MR brake against the conventional hydraulic brake system can be judged. The aim of this study is to optimize a multi-disk magneto-rheological brake system considering torque and weight as objective functions and geometric dimensions of conventional hydraulic brake as constraints. The electric current accounting magnetic saturation, MR gap, number of disk, thickness of disk, and outer diameter of disk have been considered as design variables. To model the behavior of MR Fluid, Bingham and Herschel Bulkley models have been compared. To implement these models in estimating the braking torque a modification in shear rate dependent component has been proposed. The overall design of MR brake has been optimized using a hybrid (Genetic algorithm plus gradient based) optimization scheme of MATLAB software.

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