In this paper, chip formation process during mechanical cutting of rock is simulated by using an explicit finite element code, LS-DYNA. In the simulation, the work-piece material properties have been modeled using the damage constitute material model. This model simulates the separation of the chip from the work-piece and the simultaneous breakage of the chip into multiple fragments. In the simulation, a rigid steel tool was moved at various sliding velocities, namely 1, 4, 10, 50 and 100 mm/s against a stationary rock material. For a given sliding velocity, the simulations were carried out for various cutting depths, namely 1, 2, 3 and 4 mm. The variation of stresses and the amount of chip formation at different depths of cut and velocities have been investigated. Overall, the results indicate that the explicit FEM is a powerful tool for simulating rock cutting and chip formation. More specifically, the separation of chip from the work-piece at different depths of cut was distinctly shown using this numerical model.

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