A femto air bearing slider with thermal protrusion is studied based on three groups of surface roughness. It is observed that the air bearing force and the contact force are proportional to the value of average roughness in the minimum flying height region studied, while the intermolecular force or the electrostatic force is the smallest for the smoothest surfaces when the minimum flying height is above a certain value. As a result, the total force on the slider is the largest on the smoothest surfaces in a certain minimum flying height region. When the minimum flying height is designed in that region, the fly-ability of the slider is maximized.

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