All-atom molecular dynamics simulations of an elastohydrodynamic lubricating oil film have been performed to study the effect of the oil film thickness (large spatial scale; thickness: 430 nm, MD time: 25 ns) and the effect of pressure (long time scale; thickness: 10 nm, MD time: 50 ns, external pressure: 0.1 to 8.0 GPa). Fluid layers of n-hexane are confined between two solid Fe plates by a constant normal force. Traction simulations are performed by applying a relative sliding motion to the Fe plates. In a long spatial scale simulation, the mean traction coefficient was 0.03, which is comparable to the experimental value of 0.02. In a long time scale simulation, a transition of the traction behavior is observed around 0.5 GPa to 1.0 GPa which corresponds to a change from the viscoelastic region to the plastic-elastic region which have been experimentally observed. This phase transition is related to a suppressed fluctuation of the molecular motion.

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