Flow rate, which is caused in the direction radial outward in pump and radial inward in water turbine, is caused by the fluid particles straightly forward tangential movement in the direction of acting force perpendicular to impeller blades rotational radius. Impeller blades rotational motion is caused under the radial balance of centrifugal and centripetal forces. Centrifugal force is caused by the transferred energy from mechanical to hydraulic energy in pump and from hydraulic to mechanical energy in water turbine. Centripetal force is equivalent to discharge head in pump and equivalent to suction head in water turbine.

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