In 1998, TVA undertook the implementation of Selective Catalytic Reduction systems at the Paradise Generating Station. The station has three fossil-fired cyclone boilers totaling 2515 Mw of power generation which have been online since the early 1960s for Paradise Units 1 and 2, and since 1970 for Unit 3. Design efforts started late 1998 with Paradise Unit 2, a 704 Mw cyclone-fired unit that went into operation for the May 2000 ozone season. This was followed by Paradise Unit 1, an identical 704 Mw unit that went into operation for the May 2001 ozone season. Paradise Unit 3, an 1107 Mw unit, is currently in manufacture and erection for placement into service for the 2003 ozone season. The Paradise Units 1 & 2 SCR modules are among the largest single modules in service for treating the entire flue gas path. The system design considered the operation of the boiler without overfire air NOx control, where the emission of NOx would be 688.5 g/GJ (1.6 lb/MMBtu) and with overfire air NOx emission of 370 g/GJ (0.86 lb/MMBtu). Paradise Units 1 & 2 are fitted with scrubbers and burn a high sulfur fuel. Paradise 3, not currently fitted with a scrubber, fires a blend of PRB and Utah bituminous coal. The SCR is configured with two modules. The SCR project guarantees are 90% NOx reduction, 2-ppm ammonia slip and a catalyst life of 20,000 hours. Each of the cyclone units retained their tubular air heaters. Each unit required the erection of either temporary or new ductwork from the air heater to the downstream equipment to allow the demolition of equipment that had been part of the gas path but is no longer in service. The old equipment had to be removed to permit the building of the SCRs. Each SCR unit is equipped with a full flow bypass and man-safe dampers. These man-safe dampers permitted the construction and maintenance of the SCR while the boiler was in operation. Paradise Unit 2’s SCR was fitted with steam soot blowers. Sonic horns were tested on a section of Unit 2 and based on the results, Paradise Unit 1 was fitted only with sonic horns for catalyst cleaning. The anhydrous ammonia unloading and storage facility is more than a mile from the ammonia vaporizers that are located at grade adjacent to their respective SCR unit. The monthly ammonia consumption under full power conditions for Paradise Units 1 & 2 and 90% NOx reduction is 1,703.3 m3 (450,000 gallons) per month with the overfire air system in service. This paper addresses the issues and decisions related to integration of the SCR systems and the experiences of manufacturing and erecting each of the SCR units.
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Implementation of SCR Systems for Three Boilers at the TVA Paradise Fossil Site
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Schreyer, D, Manaker, A, & Pritchard, S. "Implementation of SCR Systems for Three Boilers at the TVA Paradise Fossil Site." Proceedings of the 2002 International Joint Power Generation Conference. 2002 International Joint Power Generation Conference. Scottsdale, Arizona, USA. June 24–26, 2002. pp. 703-708. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IJPGC2002-26084
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