Impeller blade’s rotational motion causes centrifugal force on fluid particle. It directs radial outward. However, the flow rate, that is, radial outward flow is not caused by centrifugal force in centrifugal pump. Tangential forward force, which is in the direction perpendicular to rotational radius, causes tangential forward movement on fluid particle under the radial balance of centrifugal and centripetal forces in the rotating flow passage of centrifugal pump and it causes the flow rate. And the head is caused by centrifugal force and equivalent to centripetal force, which acts on fluid particle radial inward. Which is equivalent to external force at the trailing edge of impeller outlet.
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A Consideration on Energy Transfer Mechanism Caused Between Impeller Blade and a Fluid Particle in Centrifugal Pump
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Tanaka, T. "A Consideration on Energy Transfer Mechanism Caused Between Impeller Blade and a Fluid Particle in Centrifugal Pump." Proceedings of the 2002 International Joint Power Generation Conference. 2002 International Joint Power Generation Conference. Scottsdale, Arizona, USA. June 24–26, 2002. pp. 147-155. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IJPGC2002-26125
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