Batteries are considered to be a critical component for making future transportation more energy-efficient and less dependent on petroleum through hybrid, plug-in hybrid, electric, and fuel cell vehicles. In this paper, the current status of batteries for electric drive vehicle applications will be discussed. Special attention will be given to the thermal issues associated with batteries in vehicle environment. We will also discuss future needs of batteries for further development.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.