In this study we present a preliminary investigation into the effect of hydrophobicity on the heat transfer rate due to the impingement of cold water droplets on heated flat surfaces. Two extreme contact angles were compared; hydrophilic (∼20°) and superhydrophobic (∼160°) using different surface coatings on a thin metal substrates. Images of the droplet impingement were simultaneously recorded by a high speed camera and a high speed, high resolution infrared camera so we could correlate droplet shape and dynamics to the heat transfer rate. There is a large effect on both the droplet fluid dynamics and heat transfer between hydrophilic and superhydrophobic surfaces. The heat transfer difference between the superhydrophobic and hydrophilic cases is a complex interplay between the increased droplet contact line velocity due to induced slip and the insulating properties of the air gap. Overall we have shown significant reductions in both the instantaneous heat transfer rates and the overall cooling effect of droplets impinging on superhydrophobic surfaces relative to those for hydrophilic surfaces. In the range of droplet velocities varied (We = 50 to 190) there was little dependency of the heat transfer or fluid flow with impact velocity, due to the dominance of inertial forces.
- Heat Transfer Division
Effect of Superhydrophobicity on Impinging Droplet Heat Transfer
Rosengarten, G, & Tschaut, R. "Effect of Superhydrophobicity on Impinging Droplet Heat Transfer." Proceedings of the 2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference. 2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, Volume 6. Washington, DC, USA. August 8–13, 2010. pp. 741-746. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IHTC14-22708
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