Dropwise cooling represents a major subject of interest for both academic and industrial researches. The present work is focused on investigating the thermal transient occurring as two water droplets are gently released (We < 30) onto a heated solid surface. This latter has been kept at initial temperature lower than 373.15 K to analyze the single-phase-evaporation regime. To the purpose, both an experimental and a numerical approach have conveniently been employed. Infrared thermography has been used to evaluate the temperature trend at the solid-liquid interface: an experimental facility has been built to carry out measurements from below, thus realizing a fully non-intrusive approach. A transparent-crystal disk has been inserted to serve as the solid substrate; its upper surface has been painted by a black coating, thus providing a black-body surface as the solid-liquid interface. The infrared thermocamera has been placed below and perpendicular to that surface; temperature has been thereby measured, being emissivity a known parameter. A numerical code has been developed to predict the involved physical phenomena: temperature trend, evaporation time and evaporated flux result from discretizing the three-dimensional energy-diffusion equation by the finite-volume method. Moreover, the model is based on structured non-uniform mesh to adapt to the occurring temperature gradients. Very good agreement is shown between experimental and numerical outcomes in terms of thermal transient and recovery.
- Heat Transfer Division
Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Droplet Cooling
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Tartarini, P, Corticelli, MA, & Santangelo, PE. "Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Droplet Cooling." Proceedings of the 2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference. 2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, Volume 6. Washington, DC, USA. August 8–13, 2010. pp. 677-685. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IHTC14-22217
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