In this paper, we investigate the electrochemical reaction kinetics, species transport, and solid water dynamics in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) during cold start. A simplified analysis is developed to enable the evaluation of the impact of ice volume fraction on cell performance during cold-start. Supporting neutron imaging data are also provided to reveal the real-time water evolution. Temperature-dependent voltage changes due to the reaction kinetics and ohmic loss are also analyzed based on the ionic conductivity of the membrane at subfreezing temperature. The analysis is valuable for the fundamental study of PEFC cold-start.
- Heat Transfer Division
Cold-Start Characteristics of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells: A Simplified Analysis
Wang, Y, Mishler, J, Mukherjee, PP, Mukundan, R, & Borup, RL. "Cold-Start Characteristics of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells: A Simplified Analysis." Proceedings of the 2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference. 2010 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, Volume 5. Washington, DC, USA. August 8–13, 2010. pp. 97-102. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IHTC14-23004
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