As the first step of simulation, a temperature field for solidifying cast steel and cast iron roll was created. The convection in the liquid is not comprised since in the first approximation, the convection does not influence the analysed occurrence of the CE (columnar to equiaxed grains) transition in the roll. The obtained temperature field allows to study the dynamics of its behavior observed in the middle of the mould thickness. This midpoint of the mould thickness was treated as an operating point for the CE transition. A full accumulation of the heat in the mould was postulated for the CE transition. Thus, a plateau at the T(t) curve was observed at the midpoint. The range of the plateau existence tCtE corresponded to the incubation period, tCRtER that appeared before fully equiaxed grains formation. At the second step of simulation, the thermal gradients field was studied. Three ranges were distinguished: a/ for the formation of the columnar structure (the C–zone): (T˙0and(G|t<tCRG|t=tCR)0), b/ for the CE transition (from columnar to fully equiaxed structure): (T˙0and(G|t=tCRG|t=tER)0), c/ for the formation of the fully equiaxed structure (the E–zone): (T˙<0and(G|t=tERG|t>tER)0). The columnar structure formation was significantly slowed down during incubation period. It resulted from a competition between columnar growth and equiaxed growth expected at that period of time. The (G|t=tCRG|t=tER) ≈ 0) relationship was postulated to correspond well with the critical thermal gradient, Gcrit.. A simulation was performed for the cast steel and cast iron rolls solidifying as if in industrial condition. Since the incubation divides the roll into two zones (columnar and equiaxed) some experiments dealing with solidification were made on semi-industrial scale. A macrosegregation equation for both mentioned zones was formulated. It was based on a recent equation for redistribution after back-diffusion. The role of the back-diffusion parameter was emphasized as a factor responsible for the redistribution in columnar structure and equiaxed structure.

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