Heat transfer coefficients and pressure drops during condensation of carbon dioxide (CO2) are measured in small quality increments in microchannels of 100 < Dh < 200 μm. Channels are fabricated on a copper substrate by electroforming copper onto a mask patterned by X-ray lithography, and sealed by diffusion bonding. The test section is cooled by chilled water circulating at a high flow rate to ensure that the thermal resistance on the condensation heat transfer side dominates. A conjugate heat transfer analysis in conjunction with local pressure drop profiles allows driving temperature differences, heat transfer rates, and condensation heat transfer coefficients to be determined accurately. Heat transfer coefficients are measured for G = 600 kg m−2 s−1 for 0 < x < 1 and multiple saturation temperatures. Preliminary results for a 300 × 100 μm (15 channels) test section are presented. These data are used to evaluate the applicability of correlations developed for larger hydraulic diameters and different fluids for predicting condensation heat transfer and pressure drop of CO2.

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