Reliability analysis is usually a core element in engineering design, during which reliability is predicted with physical models (limit-state functions). Reliability analysis becomes computationally expensive when the dimensionality of input random variables is high. This work develops a high dimensional reliability analysis method by a new dimension reduction strategy so that the contributions of both important and unimportant input variables are accommodated by the proposed dimension reduction method. The consideration of the contributions of unimportant input variables can certainly improve the accuracy of the reliability prediction, especially where many unimportant input variables are involved. The dimension reduction is performed with the first iteration of the first order reliability method (FORM), which identifies important and unimportant input variables. Then a higher order reliability analysis, such as the second order reliability analysis and metamodeling method, is performed in the reduced space of only important input variables. The reliability obtained in the reduced space is then integrated with the contributions of unimportant input variables, resulting in the final reliability prediction that accounts for both types of input variables. Consequently, the new reliability method is more accurate than the traditional method, which fixes unimportant input variables at their means. The accuracy is demonstrated by three examples.

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