With the development of machine tools trending toward high precision, intelligence, multi-axis, and high speed, the improvement of the processing performance and rigidity of the machine is considerably important.
The objective of this study is to design of a high-speed five-axis moving-column machine tool and perform structural analysis and optimization. We study the static and dynamic characteristics of the five-axis machine tool, design and improve the mechanical structure, and optimize the structural configuration of the machine. The entire machine structure is further analyzed and enhanced to improve its static and dynamic characteristics, including static rigidity, modal, transient, and spectral response characteristics. The static and dynamic characteristics of the machine structure directly affect the machine processing performance, and further affect the work piece precision machined by the tool. Through this study, the design technology for speed, accuracy, and surface roughness of the machine tool are further improved.