Nanocomposites made of a hosting polymer matrix integrated with carbon nanotubes as nanofillers exhibit an inherent hysteretic behavior arising from the CNT/matrix frictional sliding. Such stick-slip mechanism is responsible for the high damping capacity of CNT nanocomposites. A full 3D nonlinear constitutive model, framed in the context of the Eshelby-Mori-Tanaka theory, reduced to a 1D phenomenological model is shown to describe accurately the CNT/polymer stick-slip hysteresis. The nonlinear hysteretic response of CNT nanocomposite beams is experimentally characterized via displacement-driven tests in bending mode. The force-displacement cycles are identified via the phenomenological model featuring five independent constitutive parameters. A preliminary parametric study highlights the importance of some key parameters in determining the shape of the hysteresis loops. The parameter identification is performed via one of the variants of a genetic-type differential evolution algorithm. The nanocomposites hysteresis loops are identified with reasonably low mean square errors. Such outcome confirms that the 1D phenomenological model may serve as an effective tool to describe and predict the nanocomposite nonlinear hysteretic behavior towards unprecedented material optimization and design.

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