For vehicle structural fatigue life issues considered in the design, fatigue analysis of key parts of the vehicle based on road test and CAE (Computer Aided Engineering) simulation techniques is presented. The rear torsion beam of a vehicle can be used as an example. Firstly, the unit load stress field is calculated by the principle of inertia release after the establishment of the torsion beam finite element model; Then, establishing vehicle rigid coupling model, and making six-component test site collection wheel center as a multi-body simulation input, torsion beam rear obtain the required load spectrum of fatigue analysis; The ground test data is provided for verifying the reliability of the model and the modified model parameters; Finally, Stress influence coefficient method is used for the torsion beam fatigue life prediction. What’s more, simulation results are compared with the road test results. The results show that this method can ensure the accuracy of the finite element model for fatigue analysis and boundary conditions, so that the fatigue life of the torsion beam rear car simulation analysis is more accurate. Provides a theoretical basis for fatigue analysis based on the structural design and Improvement of the rear torsion beam of vehicle. The method is also applicable to the fatigue analysis of other vehicle parts.

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