Over the past two decades, safety and reliability of lithium-ion (Li-ion) rechargeable batteries have been receiving a considerable amount of attention from both industry and academia. To guarantee safe and reliable operation of a Li-ion battery pack and build failure resilience in the pack, battery management systems (BMSs) should possess the capability to monitor, in real time, the state of health (SOH) of the individual cells in the pack. This paper presents a deep learning method, named deep convolutional neural networks, for cell-level SOH assessment based on the capacity, voltage, and current measurements during a charge cycle. The unique features of deep convolutional neural networks include the local connectivity and shared weights, which enable the model to estimate battery capacity accurately using the measurements during charge. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt to apply deep learning to online SOH assessment of Li-ion battery. 10-year daily cycling data from implantable Li-ion cells are used to verify the performance of the proposed method. Compared with traditional machine learning methods such as relevance vector machine and shallow neural networks, the proposed method is demonstrated to produce higher accuracy and robustness in capacity estimation.

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