A novel theoretical framework for the identification of the balance stability regions of biped systems is implemented on a real robotic platform. With the proposed method, the balance stability capabilities of a biped robot are quantified by a balance stability region in the state space of center of mass (COM) position and velocity. The boundary of such a stability region provides a threshold between balanced and falling states for the robot by including all possible COM states that are balanced with respect to a specified feet/ground contact configuration. A COM state outside of the stability region boundary is the sufficient condition for a falling state, from which a change in the specified contact configuration is inevitable. By specifying various positions of the robot’s feet on the ground, the effects of different contact configurations on the robot’s balance stability capabilities are investigated. Experimental walking trajectories of the robot are analyzed in relationship with their respective stability boundaries, to study the robot balance control during various gait phases.

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