Modern design problems present both opportunities and challenges, including multifunctionality, high dimensionality, highly nonlinear multimodal responses, and multiple levels or scales. These factors are particularly important in materials design problems and make it difficult for traditional optimization algorithms to search the space effectively, and designer intuition is often insufficient in problems of this complexity. Efficient machine learning algorithms can map complex design spaces to help designers quickly identify promising regions of the design space. In particular, Bayesian network classifiers (BNCs) have been demonstrated as effective tools for top-down design of complex multilevel problems. The most common instantiations of BNCs assume that all design variables are independent. This assumption reduces computational cost, but can limit accuracy especially in engineering problems with interacting factors. The ability to learn representative network structures from data could provide accurate maps of the design space with limited computational expense. Population-based stochastic optimization techniques such as genetic algorithms (GAs) are ideal for optimizing networks because they accommodate discrete, combinatorial, and multimodal problems. Our approach utilizes GAs to identify optimal networks based on limited training sets so that future test points can be classified as accurately and efficiently as possible. This method is first tested on a common machine learning data set, and then demonstrated on a sample design problem of a composite material subjected to a planar sound wave.
- Design Engineering Division
- Computers and Information in Engineering Division
Bayesian Network Structure Optimization for Improved Design Space Mapping for Design Exploration With Materials Design Applications
Sharpe, C, Morris, C, Goldsberry, B, Seepersad, CC, & Haberman, MR. "Bayesian Network Structure Optimization for Improved Design Space Mapping for Design Exploration With Materials Design Applications." Proceedings of the ASME 2017 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Volume 2B: 43rd Design Automation Conference. Cleveland, Ohio, USA. August 6–9, 2017. V02BT03A004. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2017-67643
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