This paper deals with the optimization of tooth profile modifications in planetary gears. A dynamic model is proposed based on 3D two-node gear elements connected to a deformable ring-gear discretized into beam elements. Symmetric tip relief on external and internal gear meshes are introduced as normal deviations along the lines of contact superimposed on a stiffness distribution aimed at simulating position- and time-varying mesh stiffness functions. The equations of motion are solved by the combination of a Newmark’s time-step integration scheme and a contact algorithm to account for possible partial or total contact losses. Symmetric linear profile modifications are then optimized by using a genetic algorithm with the objective of minimizing dynamic tooth loads over a speed range. Finally, the interest of the corresponding optimum profile modifications with regard to speed and torque variations is analyzed.

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