Spur gear tooth root strains are calculated using a finite element/contact mechanics formulation for varying gear speeds and applied torques. Extensive comparisons with experiments, including those from the literature and new ones, confirm that the finite element/contact mechanics formulation accurately predicts the quasi-static and dynamic tooth root strains. The finite element/contact mechanics model is used to investigate the features of the tooth root strain curves as the gears rotate kinematically and the tooth contact conditions change. Tooth profile modifications are shown to strongly affect the shape of the strain curve. At non-resonant speeds the dynamic tooth root strain curves have similar shapes as the quasi-static strain curves. At resonant speeds, however, the dynamic tooth root strain curves are drastically different because large amplitude vibration causes tooth contact loss.

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