One of the most important issues in civil and in mechanical engineering is the detection of structural damages, which are defined as changes of material properties, of boundary conditions and of system connectivity, which adversely affect the system’s performances. The damage identification process generally requires establishing existence, localization, type and intensity of the damage.

During its service life, a structure, besides his natural aging, can be subjected to earthquakes. These events may have a deep impact on building safety and a continuous monitoring of the structure health conditions, through Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) techniques, is necessary in many cases.

Within this a background, the purpose of this work is to propose an integrated novel approach for the diagnosis of structures after a seismic event. The proposed monitoring system is based on recording the accelerations of the real structure during a seismic input, and the reintroduction of them into a numerical model, suitably tuned, in order to outline a possible post-earthquake scenario.

This approach provides an estimation of the health of the building and of its residual life, and to detect and quantify the damage, some of the crucial aspects of SHM. Actually, we also get both online and self-diagnosis of the structural health.

The technique is applied to a real structure, an industrial building liable of some seismic vulnerabilities. It it did not undergo an earthquake, so we have not recordered accelerations, and get them from a different numerical models subjected to the ground acceleration of a realistic earthquake.

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