In this study, we have developed a robust and accurate algorithm based on concept of two-third power law in human motor control to segment the hand trajectory of robotic surgeons into smaller segments. We hypothesis that tracking a longer trajectory is subjected to higher cognitive workload that may lead in to an imperfect CNS performance in programming muscle activation which will lead to more number of segment trajectories and pause points in hand movements.
To test our hypothesis, after segmenting the trajectory, we determine the correlation between affine velocity and workload extracted from Surgeon’s Electroencephalography (EEG) features. EEG features are extracted by using brain waves recorded by wireless brain computer interface (B-Alert X-10 system). In our experimental study, 2 groups of participants three “experts” and five “Competent and Proficient” performed Urethro-vesical Anastomosis on an inanimate model, using the da-Vinci Surgical System® (Sunnyvale, CA).